DETAILED OCCUPATION DATA
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists
Occupational Description:Diagnose and treat mental disorders; learning disabilities; and cognitive, behavioral, and emotional problems, using individual, child, family, and group therapies. May design and implement behavior modification programs.
|Geography||Employment||Emp SE*||Mean||Mean SE*||10th||25th||Median||75th||90th|
|*SE = Standard error, a measure of the statistical reliability of the estimate.|
(click title for details)
|Employment||Median Wage||% Change 2016 - 2026|
|Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education||24,670||$61,092/yr||4.6%|
|Child, Family, and School Social Workers||7,470||$25.87/hr||9.6%|
|Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors||4,440||$25.69/hr||6.7%|
|Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education||3,070||$56,531/yr||4.5%|
|Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists||1,370||$31.23/hr||7.4%|
|Directors, Religious Activities and Education||300||$23.53/hr||5.3%|
Tasks for Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists
- Conducts experiments to study educational problems, such as motivation, adjustment, teacher training, and individual differences in mental abilities.
- Conducts research to aid introduction of programs in schools to meet current psychological, educational, and sociological needs of children.
- Interprets and explains test results, in terms of norms, reliability, and validity, to teachers, counselors, students, and other entitled parties.
- Plans remedial classes and testing programs designed to meet needs of special students.
- Formulates achievement, diagnostic, and predictive tests to aid teachers in planning methods and content of instruction.
- Investigates traits, attitudes, and feelings of teachers to predict conditions that affect teacher's mental health and success with students.
- Advises teachers and other school personnel on methods to enhance school and classroom atmosphere to maximize student learning and motivation.
- Evaluates needs, limitations, and potentials of child, through observation, review of school records, and consultation with parents and school personnel.
- Analyzes characteristics and adjustment needs of students having various mental abilities and recommends educational program to promote maximum adjustment.
- Refers individuals to community agencies to obtain medical, vocational, or social services for child or family.
- Advises school board, superintendent, administrative committees, and parent-teacher groups regarding provision of psychological services within educational system or school.
- Counsels pupils individually and in groups, to assist pupils to achieve personal, social, and emotional adjustment.
- Recommends placement of students in classes and treatment programs based on individual needs.
- Collaborates with education specialists in developing curriculum content and methods of organizing and conducting classroom work.
- Administers standardized tests to evaluate intelligence, achievement, and personality and to diagnose disabilities and difficulties among students.
- Observes individual at play, in group interactions, or other situations to detect indications of mental deficiency, abnormal behavior, or maladjustment.
- Analyzes information to assess client problems, determine advisability of counseling, and refer client to other specialists, institutions, or support services.
- Develops treatment plan, including type, frequency, intensity, and duration of therapy, in collaboration with psychiatrist and other specialists.
- Develops, directs, and participates in staff training programs.
- Provides psychological services and advice to private firms and community agencies on individual cases or mental health programs.
- Directs, coordinates, and evaluates activities of psychological staff and student interns engaged in patient evaluation and treatment in psychiatric facility.
- Plans, supervises, and conducts psychological research in fields such as personality development, and diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders.
- Provides occupational, educational, and other information to enable individual to formulate realistic educational and vocational plans.
- Assists clients to gain insight, define goals, and plan action to achieve effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment.
- Consults reference material, such as textbooks, manuals, and journals, to identify symptoms, make diagnoses, and develop approach to treatment.
- Plans and develops accredited psychological service programs in psychiatric center or hospital, in collaboration with psychiatrists and other professional staff.
- Utilizes treatment methods, such as psychotherapy, hypnosis, behavior modification, stress reduction therapy, psychodrama, and play therapy.
- Selects, administers, scores, and interprets psychological tests to obtain information on individual's intelligence, achievement, interest, and personality.
- Interviews individuals, couples, or families, and reviews records to obtain information on medical, psychological, emotional, relationship, or other problems.
- Responds to client reactions, evaluates effectiveness of counseling or treatment, and modifies plan as needed.
- Conducts individual and group counseling sessions regarding psychological or emotional problems, such as stress, substance abuse, and family situations.
- Counsels clients to assist them in understanding personal or interactive problems, defining goals, and developing realistic action plans.
- Selects, administers, or interprets psychological tests to assess intelligence, aptitude, ability, or interests.
- Advises clients on the potential benefits of counseling or makes referrals to specialists or other institutions for non-counseling problems.
- Develops therapeutic and treatment plans based on individual interests, abilities, or needs of clients.
- Collects information about individuals or clients, using interviews, case histories, observational techniques, and other assessment methods.
- Analyzes data, such as interview notes, test results, and reference manuals and texts to identify symptoms and diagnose the nature of client's problems.
- Consults with other professionals to discuss therapy or treatment, counseling resources or techniques, and to share occupational information.
- Evaluates results of counseling methods to determine the reliability and validity of treatments.
- Conducts research to develop or improve diagnostic or therapeutic counseling techniques.