Employment Outlook





Long-Term Occupation Projections
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Seven County Mpls-St Paul, MN

SOC CodeOccupationEstimated Employment 2020Projected Employment 2030Percent Change 2020 - 2030Numeric Change 2020 - 20302020 - 2030 Labor Market Exit Openings*2020 - 2030 Occupational Transfer Openings*2020 - 2030 Total Openings**
537065Stockers and Order Fillers26,26626,9782.7%71215,15325,96741,832
537081Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors1,0541,1236.5%694619821,512
000000Total, All Occupations1,817,2901,930,5636.2%113,273773,3351,202,0372,088,645
110000Management Occupations133,013142,7327.3%9,71931,40375,278116,400
111011Chief Executives4,3643,986-8.7%-3781,1391,6842,445
111021General and Operations Managers28,05430,0577.1%2,0035,80218,01425,819
111031Legislators3874054.7%1892194304
112011Advertising and Promotions Managers3103306.5%2058245323
112021Marketing Managers7,1727,5735.6%4011,4734,6486,522
112022Sales Managers8,0608,3563.7%2961,6405,1747,110
112030Public Relations and Fundraising Managers1,8151,9427%1274851,0661,678
113010Administrative Services and Facilities Managers5,0945,3675.4%2731,4852,6134,371
113021Computer and Information Systems Managers9,73910,5478.3%8081,6475,7648,219
113031Financial Managers12,54614,42815%1,8822,7616,77611,419
113051Industrial Production Managers3,3673,5214.6%1546661,6252,445
113061Purchasing Managers1,5351,6034.4%683438491,260
113071Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers1,9802,0473.4%673841,1111,562
113111Compensation and Benefits Managers5265382.3%12114274400
113121Human Resources Managers3,5953,8296.5%2348602,0723,166
113131Training and Development Managers1,0931,1747.4%812477491,077
119013Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers2,4382,382-2.3%-561,4878372,268
119021Construction Managers5,3636,02612.4%6631,1732,8834,719
119031Education and Childcare Administrators, Preschool 53860111.7%63141264468
119032Education Administrators, Kindergarten through Sec2,0532,1786.1%1255239821,630
119033Education Administrators, Postsecondary1,5311,5652.2%343837191,136
119039Education Administrators, All Other55462913.5%75146275496
119041Architectural and Engineering Managers3,2323,3363.2%1045911,6682,363
119051Food Service Managers2,1832,53316%3507211,8832,954
119081Lodging Managers243232-4.5%-1192164245
119111Medical and Health Services Managers5,0826,57229.3%1,4901,4562,9615,907
119121Natural Sciences Managers1,4501,5466.6%962947371,127
119131Postmasters and Mail Superintendents5449-9.3%-5122532
119141Property, Real Estate, and Community Association M3,8013,8170.4%161,4471,4372,900
119151Social and Community Service Managers2,7373,04811.4%3118681,5502,729
119161Emergency Management Directors1341383%44963116
119198Personal Service Managers, All Other; Entertainmen11,86812,2493.2%3812,7965,9139,090
130000Business and Financial Operations Occupations152,450162,0346.3%9,58441,27591,834142,693
131020Buyers and Purchasing Agents7,6307,135-6.5%-4952,5084,7326,745
131031Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators6,1125,758-5.8%-3541,3983,0844,128
131041Compliance Officers4,7995,0114.4%2121,1832,6114,006
131051Cost Estimators2,3462,336-0.4%-106601,4132,063
131071Human Resources Specialists10,27511,1908.9%9152,9067,13310,954
131075Labor Relations Specialists1,7411,649-5.3%-924591,1261,493
131081Logisticians2,5463,28429%7386101,8943,242
131111Management Analysts17,36019,32911.3%1,9695,90010,55518,424
131121Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners1,9572,23214.1%2756251,5382,438
131131Fundraisers1,3811,4887.7%1074469121,465
131141Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialis1,9122,0688.2%1565951,1651,916
131151Training and Development Specialists5,2075,5907.4%3831,6273,3085,318
131161Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists14,70917,44718.6%2,7383,81211,75018,300
131198Project Management Specialists and Business Operat25,92427,2375.1%1,3136,16413,03520,512
132011Accountants and Auditors20,13720,9854.2%8485,73012,18018,758
132020Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate1,2431,2601.4%17475456948
132031Budget Analysts4354483%13105230348
132041Credit Analysts1,4301,338-6.4%-922349281,070
132052Personal Financial Advisors4,3764,6616.5%2851,0242,2193,528
132053Insurance Underwriters2,0391,925-5.6%-1144041,0311,321
132061Financial Examiners1,5941,84916%2554578001,512
132071Credit Counselors1591664.4%73588130
132072Loan Officers5,5835,6360.9%531,2043,0534,310
132081Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents971942-3%-29372425768
132082Tax Preparers1,0711,0821%115885931,192
132098Financial and Investment Analysts, Financial Risk 9,0559,5055%4501,6295,2987,377
150000Computer and Mathematical Occupations88,27699,77213%11,49619,50746,35477,357
151211Computer Systems Analysts16,94417,9145.7%9703,4008,57512,945
151212Information Security Analysts2,2612,93729.9%6764011,4362,513
151221Computer and Information Research Scientists21627929.2%6344125232
151231Computer Network Support Specialists4,0294,2315%2027762,1863,164
151232Computer User Support Specialists9,75310,2815.4%5281,8815,3017,710
151241Computer Network Architects2,3972,4853.7%883361,1111,535
151244Network and Computer Systems Administrators5,1355,3103.4%1758772,4663,518
151245Database Administrators and Architects2,4652,6808.7%2155971,2622,074
151251Computer Programmers2,8692,446-14.7%-4235291,2131,319
151256Software Developers and Software Quality Assurance29,83836,93623.8%7,0987,74216,37331,213
151257Web Developers and Digital Interface Designers3,1043,3417.6%2377471,5802,564
151299Computer Occupations, All Other3,9924,2847.3%2929602,0293,281
152011Actuaries62076823.9%148109272529
152031Operations Research Analysts2,8753,56924.1%6946941,4032,791
152041Statisticians8671,15733.4%2902055061,001
152098Data Scientists and Mathematical Science Occupatio9111,15426.7%243209516968
170000Architecture and Engineering Occupations40,05942,2335.4%2,1749,90219,87331,949
171011Architects, Except Landscape and Naval1,5391,6487.1%1094376761,222
171012Landscape Architects4905063.3%16137211364
171021Cartographers and Photogrammetrists3563878.7%31127184342
171022Surveyors3733935.4%20131190341
172011Aerospace Engineers19122216.2%314271144
172031Bioengineers and Biomedical Engineers9981,0454.7%47217421685
172041Chemical Engineers1591738.8%143361108
172051Civil Engineers4,2854,6227.9%3378862,2183,441
172061Computer Hardware Engineers4674670% 89219308
172071Electrical Engineers2,7852,8753.2%906731,1331,896
172072Electronics Engineers, Except Computer8979596.9%62221372655
172081Environmental Engineers5515530.4%2130269401
172111Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety 3113264.8%1569127211
172112Industrial Engineers7,5908,47111.6%8811,7523,2145,847
172131Materials Engineers3343535.7%1969135223
172141Mechanical Engineers5,2265,5085.4%2829222,2093,413
172199Engineers, All Other1,7311,7812.9%503727251,147
173011Architectural and Civil Drafters1,2961,277-1.5%-193958181,194
173013Mechanical Drafters1,0671,014-5%-53319661927
173019Drafters, All Other337319-5.3%-18101209292
173022Civil Engineering Technologists and Technicians1,6411,6631.3%224961,0161,534
173023Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologist1,2431,208-2.8%-353687541,087
173024Electro-Mechanical and Mechatronics Technologists 273260-4.8%-1380164231
173025Environmental Engineering Technologists and Techni2362412.1%572147224
173026Industrial Engineering Technologists and Technicia2,8943,0274.6%1338901,8212,844
173027Mechanical Engineering Technologists and Technicia8488894.8%41261534836
173031Surveying and Mapping Technicians4184190.2%1148362511
173098Calibration Technologists and Technicians and Engi1,1881,2898.5%1013727621,235
190000Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations18,62119,9327%1,3113,70912,98918,009
191011Animal Scientists2252291.8%449189242
191012Food Scientists and Technologists3563652.5%977300386
191013Soil and Plant Scientists2252291.8%449189242
191021Biochemists and Biophysicists7117464.9%35118513666
191022Microbiologists3383513.8%1356242311
191023Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists30233711.6%3552225312
191029Biological Scientists, All Other24527110.6%2642182250
191032Foresters1011054%4207397
191041Epidemiologists20627332.5%6732138237
191042Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists2,4732,76912%2963481,5092,153
191099Life Scientists, All Other11012210.9%12156794
192012Physicists62643.2%2113043
192031Chemists1,7391,8627.1%1232641,3371,724
192032Materials Scientists77803.9%3125873
192041Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Includin1,3341,4035.2%692271,0871,383
192042Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers1691785.3%929138176
192043Hydrologists208204-1.9%-434164194
193011Economists1521573.3%52978112
193031Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists2,0672,1815.5%1145548301,498
193039Psychologists, All Other3773882.9%11100149260
193051Urban and Regional Planners6526773.8%25104458587
193091Anthropologists and Archeologists14140% 3912
193092Geographers40412.5%192737
193099Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other3653793.8%1481244339
194010Agricultural and Food Science Technicians1901952.6%541201247
194021Biological Technicians4785147.5%36118496650
194031Chemical Technicians1,1381,2469.5%1082101,0741,392
194042Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, 1811926.1%1150175236
194071Forest and Conservation Technicians92986.5%62589120
194099Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, Al6617208.9%59185648892
195011Occupational Health and Safety Specialists1,0881,1394.7%51304479834
195012Occupational Health and Safety Technicians92964.3%4264070
210000Community and Social Service Occupations37,21641,56911.7%4,35313,33325,59743,283
211012Educational, Guidance, and Career Counselors and A2,7022,9418.8%2399181,6712,828
211013Marriage and Family Therapists1,0861,26116.1%1753826951,252
211015Rehabilitation Counselors1,9002,0528%1526431,1711,966
211018Substance abuse, behavioral disorder, and mental h4,6205,71223.6%1,0921,6823,0605,834
211019Counselors, All Other2332538.6%2079144243
211021Child, Family, and School Social Workers4,7255,1909.8%4651,3903,1334,988
211022Healthcare Social Workers2,7293,07112.5%3428131,8332,988
211023Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers1,4681,5807.6%1124279631,502
211029Social Workers, All Other6366735.8%37184414635
211091Health Education Specialists1,5651,82916.9%2645771,1692,010
211092Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Spec1,2311,2824.1%512727561,079
211093Social and Human Service Assistants7,3258,17711.6%8523,0905,8499,791
211094Community Health Workers60870215.5%94223451768
211099Community and Social Service Specialists, All Othe1,9652,1449.1%1796981,4152,292
212011Clergy2,8202,9966.2%1761,1931,6803,049
212021Directors, Religious Activities and Education1,1051,1746.2%694548301,353
212099Religious Workers, All Other4985326.8%34308363705
230000Legal Occupations17,32818,6617.7%1,3334,8706,82813,031
231011Lawyers10,92411,8518.5%9272,4622,8046,193
231012Judicial Law Clerks273270-1.1%-384103184
232011Paralegals and Legal Assistants4,2314,67010.4%4391,7223,0045,165
250000Educational Instruction and Library Occupations97,371105,7838.6%8,41241,91746,93297,261
251011Business Teachers, Postsecondary8649075%43396414853
251021Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary3293372.4%8149156313
251022Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary4985112.6%13226236475
251032Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary4034316.9%28187195410
251042Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary5606037.7%43260272575
251051Atmospheric, Earth, Marine, and Space Sciences Tea82842.4%2373978
251052Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary2542592%5115120240
251053Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary57593.5%2262755
251054Physics Teachers, Postsecondary1691721.8%37680159
251061Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondar60611.7%1272856
251062Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Posts1811841.7%38285170
251063Economics Teachers, Postsecondary2182232.3%599103207
251065Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary1721751.7%37881162
251066Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary5145394.9%25236246507
251067Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary1841882.2%48387174
251069Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary, All Other22220% 101020
251071Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary2,1582,52517%3671,0471,0942,508
251072Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary79493718%143387404934
251081Education Teachers, Postsecondary8188342%16369386771
251082Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary82831.2%1373977
251111Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Pos76827.9%6353778
251112Law Teachers, Postsecondary81832.5%2373877
251113Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary3153211.9%6142149297
251121Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary1,0381,0592%21469490980
251122Communications Teachers, Postsecondary3373452.4%8153159320
251123English Language and Literature Teachers, Postseco6947112.4%17314328659
251124Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postseco3653721.9%7165172344
251125History Teachers, Postsecondary2332382.1%5105110220
251126Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary4574672.2%10207216433
251193Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecon1421462.8%46467135
251194Career/Technical Education Teachers, Postsecondary9539732.1%20431450901
251199Postsecondary Teachers, All Other5845992.6%15265276556
252011Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education6,4967,76019.5%1,2642,9224,1588,344
252012Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education1,8932,0277.1%1348041,1432,081
252021Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Educati13,08513,9286.4%8434,1455,41210,400
252022Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/4,7955,1186.7%3231,5211,9863,830
252023Career/Technical Education Teachers, Middle School1151226.1%7364790
252031Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Care10,54911,2596.7%7102,8934,4228,025
252032Career/Technical Education Teachers, Secondary Sch6797216.2%42186284512
252051Special Education Teachers, Preschool5536049.2%51188230469
252052Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Eleme2,1672,3116.6%1447298901,763
252057Special Education Teachers, Middle School9329987.1%66314384764
252058Special Education Teachers, Secondary School3,0373,2356.5%1981,0211,2472,466
252059Special Education Teachers, All Other2282415.7%137693182
253011Adult Basic Education, Adult Secondary Education, 502494-1.6%-8297267556
253021Self-Enrichment Education Teachers6,6997,97319%1,2744,3773,9319,582
253031Substitute Teachers, Short-Term2,0802,30010.6%2201,3071,1742,701
253097Tutors and Teachers and Instructors, All Other2,5082,89015.2%3821,6101,4463,438
254012Curators9312433.3%315465150
254013Museum Technicians and Conservators11214125.9%296376168
254022Librarians and Media Collections Specialists1,6051,6855%808107191,609
254031Library Technicians713676-5.2%-37572429964
259031Instructional Coordinators2,6282,8117%1831,3401,1882,711
259044Teaching Assistants, Postsecondary8939122.1%19404422845
259045Teaching Assistants, Except Postsecondary20,06821,6187.7%1,5509,3239,74020,613
259099Educational Instruction and Library Workers, All O6867235.4%37347308692
270000Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occ34,20537,1038.5%2,89813,08322,57438,555
271011Art Directors1,2681,3415.8%736336801,386
271012Craft Artists1201297.5%96065134
271013Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and I1781906.7%128996197
271014Special Effects Artists and Animators6026457.1%43302325670
271021Commercial and Industrial Designers4944960.4%2151294447
271022Fashion Designers1741866.9%1255107174
271024Graphic Designers4,8404,8390%-11,4772,8794,355
271025Interior Designers1,5441,5802.3%364779291,442
271026Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers1,9411,936-0.3%-55921,1531,740
272011Actors30242039.1%118151240509
272012Producers and Directors1,1071,26013.8%1532597471,159
272021Athletes and Sports Competitors618641%254259126
272022Coaches and Scouts3,5734,44524.4%8722,2783,2256,375
272023Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials34639313.6%47210297554
272041Music Directors and Composers5526029.1%50339323712
272042Musicians and Singers1,1901,37215.3%1827537181,653
272090Miscellaneous Entertainers and Performers, Sports 31741731.5%100143206449
273011Broadcast Announcers and Radio Disc Jockeys26629812%32109154295
273023News Analysts, Reporters, and Journalists7467835%37227588852
273031Public Relations Specialists4,6054,8765.9%2711,1863,1124,569
273041Editors1,6031,584-1.2%-195211,0001,502
273042Technical Writers1,2421,3609.5%1183418091,268
273043Writers and Authors1,6941,7543.5%606919481,699
273091Interpreters and Translators1,0331,22318.4%1904386161,244
273092Court Reporters and Simultaneous Captioners154152-1.3%-25590143
273099Media and Communication Workers, All Other36042417.8%64152214430
274011Audio and Video Equipment Technicians75390219.8%149216605970
274012Broadcast Technicians1631789.2%1544125184
274021Photographers1,2711,3707.8%994467421,287
274031Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Pi15617411.5%1852103173
274032Film and Video Editors19924724.1%4870139257
274098Lighting Technicians and Media and Communication E697813%9195482
290000Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations103,211111,9588.5%8,74727,29931,80067,846
291011Chiropractors1,1011,25814.3%15717195423
291021Dentists, General1,2071,2775.8%70229104403
291031Dietitians and Nutritionists7237665.9%43241259543
291041Optometrists5025387.2%369263191
291051Pharmacists3,7543,588-4.4%-1666757051,214
291071Physician Assistants1,5332,00530.8%4722766981,446
291081Podiatrists1161181.7%2325084
291122Occupational Therapists1,6171,82412.8%2073715621,140
291123Physical Therapists2,5352,89514.2%3605375641,461
291124Radiation Therapists1161236%7233868
291126Respiratory Therapists81797919.8%162192226580
291127Speech-Language Pathologists1,7382,23928.8%5014637121,676
291128Exercise Physiologists15918214.5%235259134
291131Veterinarians9481,07413.3%126160158444
291141Registered Nurses36,35538,9537.1%2,59810,0469,47422,118
291151Nurse Anesthetists76285311.9%91158242491
291161Nurse Midwives17319713.9%243958121
291171Nurse Practitioners2,4483,44140.6%9936159232,531
291181Audiologists2242354.9%115046107
291211Anesthesiologists195189-3.1%-6312247
291215Family Medicine Physicians1,4671,5213.7%54240168462
291216General Internal Medicine Physicians1,2281,2522%24199140363
291218Obstetricians and Gynecologists383378-1.3%-5614399
291221Pediatricians, General418416-0.5%-26747112
291223Psychiatrists33537812.8%435740140
291228Physicians, All Other; and Ophthalmologists, Excep3,7763,9735.2%1976234371,257
291248Surgeons, Except Ophthalmologists547540-1.3%-78761141
291292Dental Hygienists2,6182,8147.5%1969746801,850
291298Acupuncturists and Health Diagnosing or Treating P7197484%29317113459
292010Clinical Laboratory Technologists and Technicians4,0924,4107.8%3181,0971,5772,992
292031Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians5105477.3%37144227408
292032Diagnostic Medical Sonographers69482118.3%127207326660
292033Nuclear Medicine Technologists1321416.8%93759105
292034Radiologic Technologists and Technicians2,3352,5097.5%1746611,0411,876
292035Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologists43748811.7%51126199376
292040Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics2,0112,1657.7%1543879671,508
292051Dietetic Technicians1301418.5%113758106
292052Pharmacy Technicians4,9094,9671.2%581,3482,1223,528
292053Psychiatric Technicians67274410.7%72193304569
292055Surgical Technologists1,0651,1427.2%77301474852
292056Veterinary Technologists and Technicians1,9882,20911.1%2215739021,696
292057Ophthalmic Medical Technicians5806339.1%53166261480
292061Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses7,6348,2177.6%5832,6723,3086,563
292081Opticians, Dispensing8739417.8%68375309752
292098Medical Dosimetrists, Medical Records Specialists,4,0454,2334.6%1881,1301,7793,097
299098Health Information Technologists, Medical Registra6316767.1%45178281504
310000Healthcare Support Occupations96,489117,50421.8%21,01565,54462,983149,542
311120Home Health and Personal Care Aides68,37786,52626.5%18,14949,58443,853111,586
311131Nursing Assistants11,85612,3584.2%5027,7516,85515,108
311132Orderlies2012136%12133117262
312011Occupational Therapy Assistants30638927.1%83173254510
312021Physical Therapist Assistants80598121.9%1763826741,232
312022Physical Therapist Aides19521912.3%2489156269
319011Massage Therapists1,8602,46032.3%6001,2671,1282,995
319091Dental Assistants3,1313,3647.4%2331,4782,2803,991
319092Medical Assistants5,9916,93315.7%9422,6514,8298,422
319093Medical Equipment Preparers6517007.5%49374445868
319094Medical Transcriptionists240184-23.3%-56111183238
319096Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Careta34738210.1%35179403617
319097Phlebotomists9411,11618.6%1754427481,365
319099Healthcare Support Workers, All Other1,1041,1877.5%836347551,472
330000Protective Service Occupations27,95229,6246%1,67213,59918,80934,080
331011First-Line Supervisors of Correctional Officers215210-2.3%-56999163
331012First-Line Supervisors of Police and Detectives7407693.9%29168310507
331021First-Line Supervisors of Firefighting and Prevent5305544.5%24129218371
331090Miscellaneous First-Line Supervisors, Protective S7407845.9%44280444768
332011Firefighters3,7833,9654.8%1828541,9993,035
333012Correctional Officers and Jailers2,1131,937-8.3%-1767621,0951,681
333021Detectives and Criminal Investigators9559883.5%33248449730
333041Parking Enforcement Workers2214-36.4%-89910
333051Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers5,8566,1064.3%2501,4953,0384,783
339032Security Guards8,2588,9868.8%7284,5666,67911,973
339091Crossing Guards and Flaggers698218.8%1311039162
339092Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Pro1,4811,79521.2%3142,2561,8184,388
339098School Bus Monitors and Protective Service Workers1,3621,51711.4%1551,9821,5983,735
350000Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations113,811133,77517.5%19,96494,871126,541241,376
351011Chefs and Head Cooks79296421.7%1722628611,295
351012First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Ser9,06610,69818%1,6324,40910,07116,112
352011Cooks, Fast Food1,7841,701-4.7%-831,0251,4912,433
352012Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria3,4273,76910%3422,1173,0805,539
352014Cooks, Restaurant12,79218,52044.8%5,7289,21413,40028,342
352015Cooks, Short Order3353638.4%28205299532
352021Food Preparation Workers5,1404,994-2.8%-1463,9804,6608,494
353011Bartenders7,2169,21427.7%1,9983,7229,95415,674
353023Fast Food and Counter Workers40,75845,82212.4%5,06441,97445,76692,804
353031Waiters and Waitresses17,73520,81417.4%3,07914,15123,01640,246
353041Food Servers, Nonrestaurant5,7006,0876.8%3874,6644,5989,649
359011Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender2,2062,70722.7%5012,1192,1274,747
359021Dishwashers3,5054,08016.4%5752,8523,1716,598
359031Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffe2,9333,57521.9%6423,8563,6648,162
359099Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All 19823418.2%36186187409
370000Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occu50,98953,8375.6%2,84830,09638,14071,084
371011First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitor1,3791,4525.3%736089781,659
371012First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Servic1,5161,5995.5%834831,1181,684
372011Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeepi26,75428,2575.6%1,50317,16619,27937,948
372012Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners9,72410,0813.7%3576,7276,37113,455
373011Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers10,00510,7157.1%7104,4578,88314,050
373013Tree Trimmers and Pruners3333597.8%26149297472
390000Personal Care and Service Occupations50,60959,01116.6%8,40234,48342,71785,602
391013First-Line Supervisors of Gambling Services Worker39047221%82157299538
391098First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service and Ent2,6473,09717%4501,0481,9913,489
392011Animal Trainers35642519.4%69182282533
392021Nonfarm Animal Caretakers2,0712,57424.3%5031,4911,9283,922
393012Gambling and Sports Book Writers and Runners45260133%149286475910
393019Gambling Service Workers, All Other31540428.3%89195324608
393031Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers1,1821,90060.7%7181,9531,5694,240
393091Amusement and Recreation Attendants4,0715,09925.3%1,0284,4755,13610,639
393092Costume Attendants9615157.3%55121138314
393093Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendant648126.6%177181169
395012Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists7,1798,62820.2%1,4494,1864,39110,026
395092Manicurists and Pedicurists2,2803,18739.8%9071,3891,4463,742
395094Skincare Specialists57171925.9%148328341817
396011Baggage Porters and Bellhops24830322.2%55143211409
396012Concierges4074387.6%31219323573
397010Tour and Travel Guides35148437.9%133268389790
399011Childcare Workers14,37014,060-2.2%-3109,5659,93219,187
399031Exercise Trainers and Group Fitness Instructors3,4464,62834.3%1,1822,3643,8327,378
399032Recreation Workers5,8856,64813%7633,6705,94910,382
399041Residential Advisors1,1771,2617.1%846151,0951,794
399098Crematory Operators and Personal Care and Service 1,0521,24118%1896478641,700
410000Sales and Related Occupations168,606165,873-1.6%-2,73380,511130,590208,368
411011First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers10,95410,270-6.2%-6843,7507,35210,418
411012First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers3,5713,487-2.4%-841,0222,0973,035
412011Cashiers32,43029,393-9.4%-3,03726,29629,59552,854
412012Gambling Change Persons and Booth Cashiers26833725.7%69257290616
412021Counter and Rental Clerks2,9182,9752%571,3202,0233,400
412022Parts Salespersons1,7821,8342.9%527621,3842,198
412031Retail Salespersons45,84544,447-3%-1,39825,24137,29161,134
413011Advertising Sales Agents1,5631,496-4.3%-674661,4221,821
413021Insurance Sales Agents8,0408,2863.1%2462,7184,5677,531
413031Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sa7,7048,2166.6%5121,7605,0167,288
413041Travel Agents787745-5.3%-42375509842
413091Sales Representatives of Services, Except Advertis15,69416,8757.5%1,1814,08914,31919,589
414011Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing5,2035,4274.3%2241,5713,5915,386
414012Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing22,35622,9162.5%5606,69115,29522,546
419011Demonstrators and Product Promoters259255-1.5%-4285170451
419021Real Estate Brokers8508823.8%32360381773
419022Real Estate Sales Agents3,9814,1494.2%1681,6911,7873,646
419031Sales Engineers8438642.5%21170702893
419041Telemarketers1,5811,266-19.9%-3156581,4531,796
419099Sales and Related Workers, All Other1,2231,209-1.1%-145539961,535
430000Office and Administrative Support Occupations229,776218,450-4.9%-11,326106,000139,553234,227
431011First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrativ14,39113,728-4.6%-6635,2178,59213,146
432011Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service445321-27.9%-124199223298
433011Bill and Account Collectors2,8252,402-15%-4239581,8532,388
433021Billing and Posting Clerks5,3725,313-1.1%-592,1923,2795,412
433031Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks17,09216,283-4.7%-8099,7798,52117,491
433051Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks1,3841,178-14.9%-2066077011,102
433061Procurement Clerks571537-6%-34152350468
433071Tellers3,8143,324-12.8%-4901,4492,2443,203
433099Financial Clerks, All Other3113347.4%23111228362
434011Brokerage Clerks1,5891,448-8.9%-1416201,0021,481
434031Court, Municipal, and License Clerks4,2734,3351.5%622,0982,1634,323
434041Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks343303-11.7%-40116198274
434051Customer Service Representatives42,33640,688-3.9%-1,64819,51532,64550,512
434061Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs1,8841,9543.7%707109931,773
434071File Clerks606516-14.9%-90304347561
434081Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks9651,09013%1255951,0891,809
434111Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan1,3221,197-9.5%-1257278141,416
434121Library Assistants, Clerical1,3041,240-4.9%-641,1328141,882
434131Loan Interviewers and Clerks3,2423,167-2.3%-759231,8822,730
434141New Accounts Clerks535465-13.1%-70158313401
434151Order Clerks1,7771,396-21.4%-3816749961,289
434161Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Tim2,0311,925-5.2%-1067581,2011,853
434171Receptionists and Information Clerks9,8359,8340%-15,4886,79512,282
434181Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and T1,6801,7725.5%926541,2281,974
434199Information and Record Clerks, All Other1,0511,0974.4%464387091,193
435011Cargo and Freight Agents1,1051,1736.2%684346751,177
435021Couriers and Messengers953898-5.8%-55379504828
435031Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers7477763.9%29268427724
435032Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance2,6212,7083.3%879381,4932,518
435041Meter Readers, Utilities11395-15.9%-18304658
435051Postal Service Clerks508465-8.5%-43222173352
435052Postal Service Mail Carriers3,0682,807-8.5%-2611,0211,0541,814
435053Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Proce2,0511,830-10.8%-2211,0606291,468
435061Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks3,6803,8093.5%1291,3382,4323,899
435071Shipping, Receiving, and Inventory Clerks8,3117,753-6.7%-5582,9334,7207,095
435111Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recor2412597.5%1894142254
436011Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative8,0066,357-20.6%-1,6493,6544,0106,015
436012Legal Secretaries and Administrative Assistants2,5371,985-21.8%-5521,1501,2631,861
436013Medical Secretaries and Administrative Assistants8,4369,0036.7%5674,4364,8699,872
436014Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except 21,79119,763-9.3%-2,02810,57111,60220,145
439021Data Entry Keyers1,4301,112-22.2%-3185668061,054
439031Desktop Publishers379311-17.9%-68142239313
439041Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks7,2877,194-1.3%-932,5524,2446,703
439051Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Pos1,5061,425-5.4%-817419171,577
439061Office Clerks, General30,10629,092-3.4%-1,01416,15217,55232,690
439071Office Machine Operators, Except Computer632542-14.2%-90306352568
439081Proofreaders and Copy Markers1851944.9%9116125250
439111Statistical Assistants23230% 52126
439199Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Oth2,3712,5136%1421,0091,6902,841
450000Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations3,3863,4552%691,4353,8355,339
451011First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Fo1621704.9%861173242
452011Agricultural Inspectors154153-0.6%-169177245
452093Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals573538-6.1%-35235635835
470000Construction and Extraction Occupations64,01766,5594%2,54219,32543,63765,504
471011First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and 4,8085,0394.8%2311,3923,1884,811
472021Brickmasons and Blockmasons1,1501,083-5.8%-67355687975
472031Carpenters12,00712,1221%1153,5207,52611,161
472044Tile and Marble Setters45650510.7%49127279455
472051Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers2,0542,0610.3%74971,3531,857
472061Construction Laborers9,2109,8607.1%6502,8196,4399,908
472071Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators5906225.4%32198434664
472072Pile-Driver Operators525913.5%7184065
472073Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipme4,2784,4854.8%2071,4343,1414,782
472081Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers9369703.6%34237539810
472082Tapers439438-0.2%-1109248356
472111Electricians5,2335,6668.3%4331,5824,0026,017
472121Glaziers7958425.9%47220632899
472131Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall6586874.4%29159458646
472132Insulation Workers, Mechanical3303464.8%1680230326
472141Painters, Construction and Maintenance3,9864,1403.9%1541,2282,2533,635
472151Pipelayers4104110.2%1120295416
472152Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters6,5296,8374.7%3081,9494,8067,063
472181Roofers8008445.5%44203574821
472211Sheet Metal Workers1,7701,8474.4%774921,1711,740
472221Structural Iron and Steel Workers4885196.4%31130385546
473011Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, an170163-4.1%-749146188
473012Helpers--Carpenters219215-1.8%-464190250
473013Helpers--Electricians92942.2%22781110
473019Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other92953.3%32882113
474011Construction and Building Inspectors946883-6.7%-63497552986
474021Elevator and Escalator Installers and Repairers1841956%1143131185
474041Hazardous Materials Removal Workers2572621.9%598211314
474051Highway Maintenance Workers1,7451,7832.2%386921,1071,837
474071Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners4134539.7%40138358536
474090Miscellaneous Construction and Related Workers28531610.9%3196248375
475097Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas; and Explosives2592683.5%982226317
490000Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations57,02858,9233.3%1,89518,33836,89557,128
491011First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, a4,3264,4182.1%921,2682,6003,960
492011Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Rep1,8111,723-4.9%-885331,3441,789
492022Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repair1,9351,915-1%-206701,4762,126
492091Avionics Technicians495614.3%7132444
492094Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial a7507864.8%36212381629
492095Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, 133119-10.5%-14356384
492096Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Mot159139-12.6%-20417495
492097Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers4074192.9%12135299446
492098Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers5545987.9%44136442622
493011Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians1,3551,4859.6%1304067421,278
493021Automotive Body and Related Repairers1,5641,5730.6%94979331,439
493023Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics6,8526,462-5.7%-3901,9784,5176,105
493031Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Speciali3,4753,6755.8%2001,0132,2303,443
493041Farm Equipment Mechanics and Service Technicians1311417.6%104192143
493042Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines1,7391,98414.1%2455551,2582,058
493053Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mec4904940.8%4215324543
493093Tire Repairers and Changers1,4621,422-2.7%-404441,1971,601
499012Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except440420-4.5%-2098244322
499021Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mecha1,8801,9252.4%454881,2981,831
499031Home Appliance Repairers469456-2.8%-13173269429
499041Industrial Machinery Mechanics4,0354,82019.5%7851,3612,3924,538
499043Maintenance Workers, Machinery43848510.7%47153252452
499044Millwrights6536966.6%43195383621
499051Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers631600-4.9%-31115414498
499052Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers1,1981,2615.3%632741,0381,375
499062Medical Equipment Repairers1,1851,2283.6%435297211,293
499069Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All 1141150.9%15068119
499071Maintenance and Repair Workers, General12,71613,2434.1%5274,5747,57212,673
499091Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and223219-1.8%-497160253
499094Locksmiths and Safe Repairers244242-0.8%-293149240
499096Riggers515915.7%8124363
499098Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Wor5846043.4%20255498773
499099Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All2,1932,2643.2%717861,4882,345
510000Production Occupations106,474105,785-0.6%-68939,96175,465114,737
511011First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating6,1716,3903.5%2191,8894,2246,332
512028Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical asse5,5635,7283%1652,2693,6156,049
512041Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters381340-10.8%-4181288328
512051Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators19190% 71421
512090Miscellaneous Assemblers and Fabricators18,48717,214-6.9%-1,2736,81212,74018,279
513011Bakers1,6451,7325.3%879401,2632,290
513021Butchers and Meat Cutters718694-3.3%-24287524787
513022Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers1311363.8%55499158
513091Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Mach1331416%854102164
513092Food Batchmakers2,0692,2016.4%1329921,5922,716
513093Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders2242354.9%11162229402
513099Food Processing Workers, All Other121120-0.8%-14379121
514021Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, 1,012991-2.1%-21349618946
514023Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, M340327-3.8%-13116206309
514031Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Oper2,7782,711-2.4%-678711,8882,692
514032Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operator11190-18.9%-21336880
514033Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine 1,4951,451-2.9%-446641,0121,632
514034Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators,135132-2.2%-34390130
514035Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, an3025-16.7%-591923
514041Machinists6,3946,8857.7%4912,2204,5167,227
514051Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders2412493.3%854168230
514052Pourers and Casters, Metal5755-3.5%-2123848
514062Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic3634-5.6%-2112433
514071Foundry Mold and Coremakers219210-4.1%-970145206
514072Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, 1,9241,891-1.7%-336201,2911,878
514081Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tend1,9472,0867.1%1396561,3652,160
514111Tool and Die Makers1,3221,297-1.9%-254838251,283
514121Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers3,8604,1768.2%3161,0573,1694,542
514122Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, O773756-2.2%-17201603787
514191Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Te117112-4.3%-53778110
514193Plating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, M655623-4.9%-32208433609
514199Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other2772821.8%591189285
515111Prepress Technicians and Workers705582-17.4%-123244617738
515112Printing Press Operators3,8403,456-10%-3841,3242,5683,508
515113Print Binding and Finishing Workers1,197989-17.4%-2085386841,014
516011Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers1,3431,4437.4%1009019351,936
516021Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials385342-11.2%-43160218335
516031Sewing Machine Operators1,3281,263-4.9%-657846821,401
516062Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Te7668-10.5%-8394778
516063Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Oper4240-4.8%-2222747
516092Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers12138.3%17816
517011Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters1,2791,41610.7%1375077461,390
517021Furniture Finishers26529912.8%34166211411
518012Power Distributors and Dispatchers7869-11.5%-9194959
518013Power Plant Operators237190-19.8%-4756143152
518021Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators6937224.2%29342504875
518031Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Op845788-6.7%-57230505678
518091Chemical Plant and System Operators800797-0.4%-3187618802
518099Plant and System Operators, All Other24254.2%161926
519011Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders739738-0.1%-1162573734
519012Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, 329317-3.6%-1271250309
519021Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters,2132140.5%172159232
519022Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand124109-12.1%-153987111
519023Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, an7187555.2%37249550836
519032Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, an728719-1.2%-9324548863
519041Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machi6506946.8%44185495724
519061Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighe6,0815,279-13.2%-8022,1834,5085,889
519071Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers2852870.7%2153192347
519081Dental Laboratory Technicians52761015.7%83255465803
519082Medical Appliance Technicians37241210.8%40176321537
519083Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians36341815.2%55175319549
519111Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tender3,6253,8526.3%2271,5422,4814,250
519123Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers1651724.2%747121175
519124Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, O2,1032,2205.6%1175971,5502,264
519151Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machin307227-26.1%-80123280323
519161Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Operators2,5012,447-2.2%-548471,8282,621
519162Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Programmers48561627%131188407726
519191Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders276270-2.2%-6153182329
519192Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Op981024.1%43474112
519195Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Pl16121030.4%4967122238
519196Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tender1,1221,038-7.5%-844877161,119
519198Helpers--Production Workers2,8052,742-2.2%-631,3022,6123,851
519199Production Workers, All Other3,7674,1199.3%3521,3502,9134,615
530000Transportation and Material Moving Occupations126,403135,9907.6%9,58762,874102,813175,274
531041Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors36398.3%3142643
531047First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Mater4,3204,5154.5%1951,6123,0624,869
532011Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers2,8713,0847.4%2131,0942,0933,400
532012Commercial Pilots1721836.4%1165125201
532021Air Traffic Controllers5715872.8%16152398566
532031Flight Attendants2,8143,47723.6%6631,8262,0234,512
533031Driver/Sales Workers5,6926,50014.2%8082,4964,1347,438
533032Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers16,62017,2834%6636,94211,49519,100
533033Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers10,19710,9287.2%7314,3257,16212,218
533052Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity2,0092,36617.8%3571,4401,0882,885
533058Passenger Vehicle Drivers, Except Bus Drivers, Tra9,17111,51925.6%2,3486,8115,14414,303
533099Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other49255412.6%62529306897
536011Bridge and Lock Tenders22220% 102030
536021Parking Lot Attendants1,9162,0225.5%1069552,0383,099
536031Automotive and Watercraft Service Attendants1,4681,5616.3%936971,3442,134
536098Aircraft Service Attendants and Transportation Wor27531715.3%42136263441
537011Conveyor Operators and Tenders1311374.6%642115163
537041Hoist and Winch Operators3127-12.9%-492530
537051Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators4,7754,9774.2%2021,4673,7435,412
537061Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment2,8763,0395.7%1631,4482,6334,244
537062Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, 25,04526,9037.4%1,85811,36622,60035,824
537064Packers and Packagers, Hand4,9885,1443.1%1562,8864,1027,144
* Labor Market Exit Openings are the projected number of workers leaving an occupation and exiting the labor market entirely (most labor force exits are related to workers retiring). Occupational transfers are the projected number of workers permanently leaving an occupation and transferring to a different occupation.
** Total Openings represent the sum of job openings from employment growth, labor force exits, and occupational transfers.