Occupational Employment Statistics


19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists

Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants or trees, shrubs, and nursery stock, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.

Geography EmploymentEmp SE*Percentiles
Northwest Minnesota 5013$33.17/hr$21.10/hr$26.54/hr$33.28/hr$38.30/hr$45.87/hr

IndustryOES Employment (Statewide)OES Median Wage (Statewide)
Natural Resources and MiningN/AN/A
Trade, Transportation and Utilities70$36.73/hr
Professional and Business ServicesN/A$42.54/hr
Education and Health Services180$24.03/hr
Leisure and HospitalityN/AN/A
Other ServicesN/AN/A
Public Administration60$31.72/hr
Geography EmploymentMedian WageProjections
% Change 2016-2026
Northeast Minnesota N/AN/AN/A
Southeast Minnesota N/A$29.02/hr8.8%
Mankato-North Mankato MN MSA N/AN/AN/A
Southeast Balance of State N/A$28.05/hrN/A
Grand Forks ND-MN MSA 20$43.79/hrN/A
Southwest Minnesota 30$37.89/hrN/A
Northwest Balance of State 40$33.17/hrN/A
Central Minnesota 50$29.36/hr23.8%
Northwest Minnesota 50$33.28/hr1.1%
Southwest Balance of State 50$34.72/hrN/A
Fargo ND-MN MSA 160N/AN/A
Seven County Mpls-St Paul, MN 520$33.29/hr16.6%
Minneapolis-St Paul-Bloomington MN-WI MSA 520$33.29/hrN/A
Minnesota 650$33.19/hr14.3%

Occupations EmploymentMedian WageProjections
% Change 2016-2026
Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 230$38.63/hr12.7%
Animal Scientists 200$30.89/hr6.1%
Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 1,800$36.18/hr13.7%
Hydrologists 300$38.26/hr7.3%
Conservation Scientists 630$30.49/hr6.0%
Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary N/AN/AN/A
Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 690$30.91/hr5.9%
Microbiologists 370$32.17/hr8.4%
Biological Scientists, All Other 270$37.10/hr7.5%

  • Provide information or recommendations to farmers or other landowners regarding ways in which they can best use land, promote plant growth, or avoid or correct problems such as erosion.
  • Conduct experiments to develop new or improved varieties of field crops, focusing on characteristics such as yield, quality, disease resistance, nutritional value, or adaptation to specific soils or climates.
  • Communicate research or project results to other professionals or the public or teach related courses, seminars, or workshops.
  • Communicate research or project results to other professionals or the public or teach related courses, seminars, or workshops.
  • Conduct research to determine best methods of planting, spraying, cultivating, harvesting, storing, processing, or transporting horticultural products.
  • Develop new or improved methods or products for controlling or eliminating weeds, crop diseases, or insect pests.
  • Study ways to improve agricultural sustainability, such as the use of new methods of composting.
  • Develop ways of altering soils to suit different types of plants.
  • Develop methods of conserving or managing soil that can be applied by farmers or forestry companies.
  • Conduct experiments investigating how soil forms, changes, or interacts with land-based ecosystems or living organisms.